Anton Vrba is a retired electrical engineer. He pursued a career in R&D, manufacturing and construction project management. His interest in physics is understanding the electromagnetic phenomenon. Although physics claim to understand the EM-phenomenon, it is not so.  Anton developed a new understanding of the electromagnetic phenomenon by treating the electrostatic and the electromotive as separate phenomena; academic physics treats these as one and the same.

Anton is developing a Constructive Electromagnetic Quantum Theory that provides an explanation of all quantum phenomena, defines particles as electromagnetic solitons and identifies—most significantly—that mass and all forces are manifestations of the electromagnetic phenomenon. He seeks collaborators.

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    Should you think that Anton’s claims are overexaggerated then consider following thought experiment to test Drude’s electron drift theory. The figure below sketches the apparatus, an adaptation of a particle accelerator.

    The cathode ray source (CRS) emits electrons, at ground potential, and with a defined kinetic energy. The electrons do not gain, nor lose, any kinetic energy on the path CRS–A, because A is at the same potential as CRS. Along the path from A to B, the electrons gain energy; this is due to the electromotive field between points A and B. The battery V1 supplies the power to accelerate the electrons and subsequently discharges, causing an electric current I1 to flow from A to B. Anything else would violate energy conservation laws!
    The path from B to C is electrically neutral; it features no potential difference and serves to electrically isolate circuits A–B and C–D. On the path from C to D, the electrons decelerate, returning their gained energy and charging battery V2 through an electric current I2. Electrons exit the apparatus with their original kinetic energy. The sum of energies stored in batteries V1 and V2 remains unchanged; one battery discharges while the other charges. The electron beam can be sustained indefinitely, implying that the electric currents I1 and I2 are also maintained indefinitely. We must then question the validity of Drude’s electron drift theory. Specifically, the question “In electrically isolated circuits, where do the infinitely many charge carriers (i.e., electrons) come from, which are required to sustain the electric currents I1 and I2 that discharge and charge the two batteries respectively?” remains unanswered in this experimental setup.